✅If you are taking a pain medication, protect other family members or children from any accidental overdose.
✅If you are not taking any opioid or narcotic drug that may cause overdose, it is still a good idea to have one accessible.
🔴Naloxone (pronounced na-LOX-own) is a drug that can temporarily reverse the effects of an opioid overdose.
🔴Opioids are drugs that are prescribed by a medical practitioner to treat pain. However, opioids are also used recreationally.
🔴Some commonly used opioids include:
🔴While opioids can be an effective part of pain management for medically supervised patients, opioid addiction and overdose are a significant challenge in Ontario.
🔴Naloxone only reverses overdoses from opioids.
🔴It will not reverse overdoses from other kinds of drugs, such as benzodiazepines or stimulants like cocaine and amphetamines.
🔴Naloxone rapidly reverses the symptoms of an opioid overdose. Naloxone can either be injected intramuscularly (in a muscle) or given as a nasal spray.
🔴After the naloxone is administered, it is a best practice to stay with the person who was experiencing the opioid overdose until an ambulance arrives, in case first responders need help or information.
🔴Naloxone is considered safe for everyone, unless there is a reason to believe a person has an allergy to naloxone.
If you are not sure what caused someone to become unconscious, giving naloxone is not likely to cause further harm.
🔴If a person has been using opioids, naloxone may put them into withdrawal.
🔴Opioid withdrawal is a set of symptoms arising from the sudden withdrawal or reduction of opioids following previous heavy usage.
🔴While withdrawal is uncomfortable, it is usually not life threatening.
Protection from liability
Protection from liability available under the Good Samaritan Act, 2001 would generally apply to a anyone who voluntarily administers naloxone in an emergency in response to an opioid overdose.